墨爾本代寫assignment 代寫international assignment
5. ‘Analysis’ does not mean description
Providing an analysis of an issue/event/topic requires that you go beyond describing
it, or summarising its key points. Analysis requires that you explain not only what it is
but also why it matters. Description says, ‘This is what happened.’ Analysis asks,
‘What is going on here? How has this happened? What conclusions can I draw about
global politics on the basis of this thing?’墨爾本代寫assignment 代寫international assignment
Adapted from ‘Critical Skills’
Critical thinking is the difference between description and analysis. Being merely
descriptive in an essay means you’re just ‘retelling the story’ without analysing a
topic, looking at the issues involved, weighing the arguments or coming to
A critical piece of work makes points which follow on, one from another, in a logical
fashion, to build up an argument.
It brings in evidence to support the points made.
It comes to a conclusion.
One way of making sure you don’t fall into the ‘descriptive’ trap is to get into the habit
of proving your point.
You need to include some description but you also need to move beyond this and
show how you are using this information, how you are interpreting this information,
and what arguments you are developing as a result of this information.
If you say ‘I don’t like this idea’, no-one is going to take you very seriously in
academic terms. This does not mean that your view isn’t important, but instead of it
remaining just an opinion, make it into a reasoned argument, by engaging critically
with the topic and giving evidence for your contention.
• Why don’t you like the idea?
• Who else doesn’t like the idea (in the literature)?
• Has anyone suggested an alternative idea (in the literature)?
• Why do you prefer the alternative?
Answering these sorts of questions transforms opinion into an argued case.墨爾本代寫assignment 代寫international assignment墨爾本代寫assignment 代寫international assignment